Public administration is the largest industry group within federal government, followed by trade, transportation, and utilities. Public administration can include just about any agency, from the Internal Revenue Service to U.S. District Courts and intermittent Census workers. In some states, the U.S. Forest Service is found in public administration, while in Oregon it belongs in the natural resources and mining group. Trade, transportation, and utilities is dominated by the U.S. Postal Service but in Oregon it also includes the Bonneville Power Administration. Education and health services is a fairly large group in Oregon, but it primarily includes Veterans Administration (VA) facilities, found in just a handful of communities. Oregon also has federal government jobs in financial activities (housing related), leisure and hospitality (parks), professional and business services (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers), and other services (national cemeteries).
Public administration was Oregon's largest industry group in 2010, with over 11,600 jobs, or about 38 percent of federal government's total. Per capita, Oregon ranked 45th, with 3.0 jobs per 1,000 population. There were 22 states with fewer than four federal public administration jobs per 1,000 population, and 13 at or under three per 1,000, so Oregon was not alone. At the other end of the spectrum, there were 20 states above five jobs per 1,000 with the top five including the District of Columbia (288.1), Maryland (18.6), Alaska (15.5), Virginia (14.4), and Hawaii, (11.4). Yes, it's true, DC - though not a state - had 288 federal public administration jobs for every 1,000 residents (DC also had the highest average wage).
the Portland region, led by Central Oregon's 1,127 jobs (31%), followed by Eastern Oregon, with 870 (24%), the Willamette Valley, Southern Oregon, Portland, then the Coast. Despite the large number of natural resources jobs in Oregon, public administration was the largest federal government industry group in most regions - except Southern Oregon (educational and health services). In Central Oregon, natural resources and mining would typically be its largest federal government activity - but the 2010 Census pushed public administration jobs to its top spot. Trade, transportation, and utilities generally finished second to public administration, representing about 28 percent of all federal jobs in Oregon.
Federal employment in the Portland region reached about 15,330 jobs in 2010, representing half of Oregon's total. From a per capita standpoint, that's about right, since the five Oregon counties that make up the Portland region represented about 47 percent of the state's 2011 population, putting it at 8.5 jobs per 1,000. The leading region was Eastern Oregon, with 13.0 jobs per 1,000 population, followed by Central Oregon at 10.1 per 1,000 and Southern Oregon at 9.1 per 1,000. The Willamette Valley finished at the bottom, with just 4.9 federal jobs per 1,000 population. The Coast, with 6.0 federal jobs per 1,000 population was also below average.
At the county level, average pay for all industries in 2010 ranged from a low of $24,050 in Wheeler County to a high of $53,991 in Washington County. Likewise, federal government wages in Wheeler County averaged $36,726 (lowest in Oregon) compared with $55,791 in Washington County.
Where was federal pay ranked highest in Oregon? It wasn't Multnomah County, where pay averaged $72,768 and Wasco County was very close at $74,162. The honor goes to Sherman County, at $79,646. With 112 jobs in Sherman County, federal government represented about 15 percent of its all industries employment and 34 percent of its payroll. That's not the case in Multnomah County, where federal government was just 3 percent of its all industries employment and 4.6 percent of its payroll.
Sherman County is of course home to the John Day Dam - a behemoth capable of producing enough electricity to power two cities the size of Seattle, WA. Likewise, the Dalles Dam in Wasco County provides federal government jobs and enough electricity to power two cities the size of Portland.
|2010 Average Pay by Major Industry Group: Oregon|
|Total All Ownerships||127,285||1,598,642||$66,613,214,679||$41,669|
|Total Private Coverage||122,179||1,318,757||$54,036,750,075||$40,976|
|Total Federal Government||1,025||30,514||$1,956,860,866||$64,130|
|Professional & Business Services||20,078||180,948||$8,740,168,035||$48,302|
|Total Local Government||3,121||182,870||$7,815,039,826||$42,735|
|Education & Health Services||13,364||221,829||$9,362,880,231||$42,208|
|Total State Government||961||66,501||$2,804,563,912||$42,173|
|Trade, Transportation. & Utilities||25,255||305,226||$11,651,644,127||$38,174|
|Natural Resources & Mining||3,668||46,156||$1,224,302,643||$26,525|
|Leisure & Hospitality||11,644||161,886||$2,760,034,898||$17,049|
The Portland region remained ahead of the pack in all major industry groups. The "all other" industry group, which includes financial activities and professional and business services, along with leisure and hospitality and other services, was the highest paying, at an average $80,929. That outlook held true across each region although natural resources and mining beat out trade, transportation, and utilities in most regions except Portland and Central Oregon.
|2010 Average Federal Government Pay by Region and Major Industry Group|
|Region||Total Federal Government||Trade, Transportation, & Utilities||Education & Health Services||Natural Resources & Mining||Public Administration||All Other|